ESTIENNE (STEPHANÚS), Robert

(1503-1559)
A French biblical scholar and printer to Francois I,* Robert Estienne was born in Paris, the son of Henri Estienne and father of Henri, Robert II, and Francois, all of whom were notable printers. In 1526 he took over his father's printing business and married the daughter of Josse Badius Ascensius, the great Paris publisher. Despite criticism from the Sorbonne, royal patronage (he was appointed by Francois I as royal printer in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek) kept his books from the Index until the ascension in 1547 of Henri II. His annotated editions of Scripture had provoked criticisms from the Sorbonne, and to avoid proscription, he moved to Geneva in 1550, though keeping his publishing busi­ness in Paris, and became a member of the Reformed church in 1551.
He is recognized for his pioneering Latin dictionary (Thesaurus linguae Latinae, 1531) and his vernacular French dictionary. His Latin editions of the Bible, edited and printed by himself, became famous as examples of critical textual scholarship, particularly his 1528, 1532, and 1540 editions, which fol­lowed the text of St. Jerome. In 1557 he printed another Latin Bible coedited with Theodore Beza.* His Hebrew versions of the Old Testament came out between 1539 and 1546, and in 1544 he began printing in Greek, using the famed Garramond type in his edition of Eusebius's Historia ecclesiastica.He proceeded to issue numerous editions of the church fathers, many being the first printed editions of such works. The most influential Greek version of the New Testament he printed was that of 1550, the first edition to contain a critical textual apparatus and the first with verse divisions. He was the publisher of works by Desiderius Erasmus,* Ulrich von Hutten* and Huldrych Zwingli* and in 1553 of John Calvin's* Institutes and in 1554 of Beza's tract De haereticis a civili magistratu puniendis (Heretics to be Punished by the Civil Magistrate).
Bibliography
E. Armstrong, Robert Estienne, Royal Printer, 1954/1986.
D. Starnes, Robert Estienne's Influence on Lexicography, 1963.
Iain S. Maclean

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Estienne — Robert Estienne, (auch Robert Etienne oder latinisiert Robertus Stephanus, * 1499 oder 1503 [1] in Paris; † 7. September 1559 in Genf) war ein französischer Druckhandwerker, Verleger und Lexikograph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Estienne — Robert I Estienne (Paris 1503 ndash; Geneva, 7 September 1559), also known as Robert Stephens (Latin: Stephanus ), was a 16th century printer in Paris. He was a former Catholic who became an Evangelical late in his life and the first to print the …   Wikipedia

  • Estienne — ist eine französische Form von Stefan und der Name von: Charles Estienne (* 1504 oder 1505, † 1564) Henry Estienne ( 1460−1520), Buchdrucker in Paris, siehe Henricus Stephanus Henri Estienne (Henricus Stephanus, 1531−1598), Humanist Henri Honoré… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephănus [2] — Stephănus, eigentlich Estienne (Etienne), eine berühmte Buchdruckerfamilie zu Paris u. Genf im 16. u. 17. Jahrh.; der erste war 1) Heinrich, von unbekannter Abkunft, welcher 1503–20 druckte u. mit den berühmtesten u. freisinnigsten Männern der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Estienne — Estienne, or Etienne is the French form of the name (Latinized to Stephanus ) of a French family of scholars and printers. Members are * Henri Estienne, founder of the dynasty (died 1521) * Robert Estienne (1503–1559) * Charles Estienne (1504 or… …   Wikipedia

  • Estienne — (Etienne, gewöhnlich lat. Stephanus), berühmte franz. Buchdrucker und Gelehrtenfamilie, deren namhafteste Glieder folgende sind: 1) Henri I., geb. um 1460 in der Provence aus edler Familie, gest. 1520 in Paris, errichtete 1501 in Paris mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Estienne, Robert I — ▪ French scholar and printer Estienne also spelled  Étienne,  Latin  Stephanus  born 1503, Paris, France died Sept. 7, 1559, Geneva, Switz.  scholar printer, second son of Henri Estienne, who founded the family printing firm about 1502 in Paris.… …   Universalium

  • Estienne, Henri II — or Henri II Étienne born 1528, Paris, France died 1598, Lyon French scholar printer. As a young man he traveled Europe studying ancient manuscripts and visiting scholars before returning to his father s Geneva printing firm to publish the first… …   Universalium

  • Henri Estienne — Trésor de la langue grecque (Wiederausgabe, 1830) Henri (II.) Estienne (* 1531 in Paris; † 1598 in Lyon), auch Henricus Stephanus, war ein protestantischer französischer Buchdrucker und Philologe, ebenso ein Vertreter der humanistischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Stephanus — Henri Estienne (* 1528 oder 1531 in Paris; † 1598 in Lyon), eigentlich Henricus Stephanus (II.), war ein in Paris lebender Humanist. Auf Estienne gehen die Kapitelbezeichnungen vieler Klassiker der griechischen Antike zurück, wie etwa die erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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